What it is—Unexpected changes in investment returns, inflation, or other market variables.
How to prepare for it—Make sure your asset allocation is right for your goals. Money meant for spending in retirement may have a different allocation than money earmarked as an inheritance for your loved ones. And don’t be too quick to try to minimize market risk—with some goals it could make sense to be more aggressive!
How an advisor can help—They’ll customize a financial plan for your specific needs and goals. And they’ll run your portfolio through 10,000 hypothetical market scenarios to make sure it’s prepared for all kinds of future market conditions.
Longevity & mortality risk
What it is—Outliving your assets or having a shortened life span.
How to prepare for it—Consider an annuity, which can address both risks by giving you an income stream for life, and guaranteeing a minimum payout via a rider. You can also consider life insurance if you’re concerned about support for your family.
How an advisor can help—Your advisor can recommend a drawdown strategy for your retirement savings that’s likely to meet your spending needs. They can also offer guidance on whether it makes sense to annuitize some of your assets.
What it is—Not being able to pay your health care costs.
How to prepare for it—Get a personalized estimate of your expected costs and choose the right health insurance for your needs.
How an advisor can help—Your advisor can provide a custom estimate of your health expenses (including long-term care) and help you choose the Medicare plan that’s best for you.
What it is—An unforeseen event that has a large financial impact.
How to prepare for it—Build flexibility into your spending plan and consider additional insurance to help absorb certain types of shocks.
How an advisor can help—An advisor can apply a dynamic spending approach to your plan to give you a balance of flexibility and predictability.
Tax and policy risk
What it is—Changes in rules governing health coverage, retirement savings or benefits, or estate planning.
How to prepare for it—Make sure your portfolio contains a variety of asset classes and account types, which can give you more flexibility if policies change.
How an advisor can help—Your advisor can provide guidance on how tax or policy changes might affect you and suggest potential actions.
All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest.
There is no guarantee that any particular asset allocation or mix of funds will meet your investment objectives or provide you with a given level of income.
Advice services are provided by Vanguard Advisers, Inc., a registered investment advisor, or by Vanguard National Trust Company, a federally chartered, limited-purpose trust company.
We recommend that you consult a tax or financial advisor about your individual situation.
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