First, be proud of yourself for saving for your student’s future. You’ve already done the hard part! Higher education is expensive, and your contributions to the plan over the years will make a difference.
Next, follow these 3 steps so you’re prepared to make your first withdrawal:
1. Establish banking instructions
If you haven’t already, consider setting up bank information for your 529 account so you can make online withdrawals. It’s simple and only takes a few minutes.
Log on to your 529 account, then:
- From My Accounts, choose the appropriate beneficiary’s account.
- From the right-hand navigation, select View Profile & Documents.
- From the left-hand navigation, choose Bank Information.
- Select Add a New Bank and follow the instructions.
2. Determine the “right” withdrawal amount
Withdrawals from your 529 plan account are tax-free as long as they’re used to pay qualified higher-education expenses. These expenses include tuition, room and board, fees, books, supplies, and computers and related equipment.
Be careful not to withdraw too much—any amount over what you use to pay for qualified higher-education expenses must be reported as taxable income by either you or the beneficiary, depending on who receives the withdrawal.
The earnings portion of any nonqualified withdrawal may be subject to federal income tax and a 10% federal penalty tax, as well as state and local income taxes. The availability of tax or other benefits may be contingent on meeting other requirements.
How to make a withdrawal
Once you’re ready to start paying your higher-education bills, you can make withdrawals from your account online, by mail, or by phone. To get started online, log on to your Vanguard account, go to the 529 plan account area, select the appropriate account, and follow the instructions to make a withdrawal.
3. Check your asset mix
If you’re invested in an age-based option, your savings has been automatically shifting to a more conservative asset allocation as your child has moved closer to college age.
However, if you’re invested in one or more of your plan’s individual portfolios, you may want to check your current asset mix. Many investors with college-age beneficiaries choose more conservative investments, such as bonds and short-term reserves rather than stocks, as a way of preserving principal and reducing risk.
If you haven’t reviewed your asset allocation for a few years or are not sure what mix is best for you, we created a tool to help.